Resins are in the group of polymers; these materials are available from both natural and synthetic (synthetic) sources and are found in two forms, semi-solid and liquid, which have various properties and applications. It has undergone many changes since the use of this polymeric material. If you are curious about the structure and properties of resins and want to know about their scope of application specially domestic resin flooring , join us.
General characteristics of resins in Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes
Resins are compounds made of long chains with high molecular weight. These chains have active functional groups. There is no specific criterion for general definition and giving a single mold to resins, in terms of appearance characteristics such as viscosity, color, transparency, etc., have nothing in common. But the task of all resins (adhesion, film formation, strength) is the same. Note the following examples:
1. Some ingredients of coatings (paint, glue, sealant, etc.) cannot form a film (thin layer) without resin; it is the resin that allows the formation of the film.
2. Keeping the components together is one of the duties of the resin. To achieve uniform distribution, provided that the type of coating is following the nature of the resin.
3. Adhesion to surfaces is one of the main tasks of resins. The more resin particles bond with the surface molecules, the higher the adhesion and the longer the coating life.
4. Resins cause unique chemical resistance (acids, alkalis, oils), temperature and corrosion resistance, humidity, especially seawater, hot water, etc.
Types of resins
As mentioned before, resins are divided into two categories: natural and synthetic resins:
The resin of this polymeric material is obtained from various sources such as plants, insects, and minerals. These polymers are easily malleable but durable. Before the mass production of synthetic resins, natural varieties were widely used. But with the advent of synthetic resins, the range of applications of natural varieties became more limited.
Types of natural resins
Resins of plant origin
Colophony or Rosin: Unrefined distilled turpentine residue from the wood kernel, stem sap, and pine root.
Sandarac and lignin: from the sap of trees such as pine
Amber ornamental stone is obtained by hardening and then fossilization of plant gum. This type of resin is usually yellow and, in rare cases, blue.
Resins of animal origin
– Resin shellac, which is obtained from a kind of lacquer insect native to India and Thailand, is the gloss of many gums, gums, and candies.
Resins of mineral origin
Copal and coal tar resins, which are obtained from coal tar and have a fossil origin. Coltar is used to improve the strength and impermeability of other resins.
– Natural bitumen can be extracted from the evaporation of crude oil or minerals.
In general, natural resins today do not have the past in the industry. Still, if necessary, some natural resins such as cellulose and protein can be used by modifying and combining them with other materials.
Application of natural resins in Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes
Not surprisingly, due to the diverse chemical structure of natural resins, their applications are also diverse. The antimicrobial properties of these substances have been used to embalm corpses, to treat persistent skin burns (radiation burns). Natural resins were also used in non-medical applications such as polishes, varnishes, waterproofing materials, adhesives, and prefabricated materials to produce industrial chemicals. Other uses of these materials include making jewelry, perfume, ink, etc.
With the advancement of science and industry, natural resins no longer met the day’s needs, so researchers and artisans began searching for a suitable alternative to this widely used material. After much effort and using natural resins, the man was able to produce the first synthetic resin. These synthetic materials had similar physical properties to natural types but were generally superior to them. These compounds were superior to natural samples in price, stability, uniformity, strength, and production rate. Because synthetic resins were made under controlled conditions, gross and net production was also calculated and accurate.
Manufacture of industrial (synthetic) resins
A special process produces the most common resins. In this process, an exothermic or exothermic chemical reaction occurs inside the reactor to make the resin. This reaction takes place together with the control of process conditions and final properties and is called polymerization.
Properties of resins in Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes
Resins are added to the compounds to improve chemical resistance, strength, moisture absorption, good performance at high temperatures, shelf life, and viscosity. For example, structures that are installed inside the space need a shear resistance to shear. Or resins that are applied on the exterior of the building or roofs must have a high resistance to weather conditions, especially sunlight. Resins are usually resistant to oils and fats but will swell if exposed for a long time. These materials do not last long against the penetration of gases and air humidity. For example, if they are exposed to gases such as ozone for a long time, they will experience oxidation and reduction reactions.
Resin hardening mechanism
There are several mechanisms for hardening resins and film formation.
1) Chemical reaction at ambient temperature is one of the reasons for drying.
They are not usable and require a hardening agent to achieve special properties. These compounds consist of two components, resin (along with other compounds) and Hadner (hardener). These materials tend to have a high composition and are usually kept separate until a few minutes before application on the surface. As soon as these two components are mixed, the reaction between their active groups begins, so the result of this reaction is the formation of a three-dimensional network and the drying of the resin film. Such as epoxy and polyurethane resins.
2) Chemical reaction at high temperature causes some resins to dry, such as melamine and urea resins.
3) Resins with a carbon-carbon double bond in their chain structure tend to combine with air oxygen to dry like alkyd resins.
4) One of the methods of drying resin is solvent evaporation, in such a way that after applying the resin composition on the surface, solvent molecules migrate from the underlying layers to the outer surface and evaporate. Choosing the right solvent is important; Because the quality of the film, formation depends on the drying of the resin and the evaporation rate of the solvent. If the evaporation of the solvent is too fast, the film’s surface will shrink, and if the evaporation rate is too slow, the solvent will be trapped inside the resin layers, and the film will remain soft. Resins such as vinyl acetate, vinyl acrylate, styrene acrylate, and silicone homopolymers are dried in this way.
5) Absorption of moisture or air vapor is also the reason for drying a group of resins. Such as polyurethane and ethyl silicate resins.
6) Some resins can not be dissolved in the solvent, so by adding linear polymers or simple chemical compounds (as an initiator), a chemical reaction is performed between the monomers, and after the formation of the lattice structure, drying takes place like polyester resins.
Types of industrial synthetic resins in Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes
1. Vinyl acetate resin
2. Vinyl acrylate resin
3. Acrylic copolymer styrene resin
4. Polyester resin
5. Phenolic resin
6. Vinyl ester resin
7. Epoxy resin
8. Alkyd resin
9. Acrylic resin
10. Silicone resin
11. Polyurethane resin
12. Chlorocaine resin
13. Ethyl silicate
14. Amino resin and nitrocellulose
15. Steel resin
16. Amine resin
Application of synthetic resins
Resins are valuable because of their chemical properties and numerous applications. As a result, they have a high production rate and a variety of types. These materials are used in various industries, including plastics, rubber, composites, adhesives, varnishes, paints, and textiles. The main uses of resins are in the packaging, Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes , paper, printing, paint, leather, agriculture, and oil industries.
Resin applications in minor cases include mold making, insulation, fibers, bearings, gears, molding of objects, fiberglass production, water purification, refractory parts, furniture, and chairs such as chair foam and artificial wood. In the automotive industry, industrial resins produce anti-wear components such as brakes, refrigeration, and thermal insulation.
The world of resins is much wider than this. Still, we learned a little about their nature, characteristics, structure, and significant application in various industries in the short time we had. Due to human progress in all fields, the world of resins is no exception and has always been and will be subject to change. This creative human being will not give up trying to meet his needs based on his successive needs with his intelligence and ingenuity; we only hope that in these developments, the preservation of the environment and the divine resources will be among everyone’s priorities. Stay tuned for more on Polymer Knowledge.
Epoxy and polyurethane Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes
Monolithic resin coatings are applied in continuous layers and usually with a thickness of 3 to 6 mm on the desired metal or concrete surfaces by various methods. These coatings are based on synthetic resins, which are completed by adding a hardening agent and achieve the required chemical and physical resistance. These coatings have various chemical and physical properties and can be used in both rigid and flexible forms.
Epoxy-based resins and
- Very desirable mechanical strength
- Proper chemical resistance to alkalis
- No cracking after execution
- Excellent adhesion to concrete and metal surfaces
- Ability to run on floor and wall surfaces
- Polyurethane based resins
- Suitable mechanical strength
- Chemical resistance
- Flexible with high elasticity, with the ability not to transfer cracks from the bottom to the top
- Very good adhesion to concrete and metal surfaces
- Ability to run on floor and wall surfaces
Resin coatings can be applied in various ways such as self-leveling, troweling, rollers and rollers, sprays, etc.
Types of Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes in interior decoration
The types of flooring used in the interior decoration design industry have very high diversity. According to the material used in it, the color and even the texture and the degree of polishing of their surface are very different. The foot is the second heart of man and considering the feeling of comfort created in a person when walking on different levels. As a result, choosing the best options among the types of Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes available in the market should be possible. We will continue to review the types of flooring in interior decoration and provide everything you need to know about choosing them.
Reasons for the importance of different types of flooring in decoration
The floor and floor of each building is the place for various items such as furniture, wardrobes, beds and, in most cases, is the main place to sit and relax. As a result, it should be possible to use the roughness of the ground and various building materials.
Destroyed the floor using a variety of flooring. In addition, using Resin Flooring for Homes with the right design and color can better affect the environment and greatly impact home decoration. The effect of flooring on the temperature balance of the environment, observing the principles of feng shui in interior decoration, and providing suitable conditions for children, children, and other family members to sit, play and sleep on the floor are all among the reasons for choosing different types of flooring in interior decoration.
The most common types of Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes
The flooring industry has undergone many changes over time and for various reasons, so that now a wide variety of them can be seen. The most practical and popular types of Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes can be mentioned as follows:
Types of wood flooring
The beauty of wood and its unique design and color, which can be easily set with different interior decoration styles, have made wood flooring a special place in the interior decoration industry. The main types of wood flooring are parquet, bamboo flooring, and laminate flooring, which have received much attention.
As the name implies, parquet is made of wood from trees such as palaces and spruce and has a completely natural appearance. The beauty of appearance and comfort that they give to the environment has made wood parquet widely used in bedroom and living room decoration. Wood parquets are generally divided into two groups: all wood and three-layer parquets. The main difference between these two groups of wood parquet is that all wood consists of three layers of thermowood, and in the engineered type, only the outermost layer of thermowood is formed. Because the main material of this type of flooring is natural wood, it does not have adequate resistance to moisture, temperature, heat, and scratches. They are gradually destroyed by being in wet conditions. That is why it is strongly recommended not to use wood parquet in any way to design the kitchen decoration so that the floor has a good life.
Laminate Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes
Laminate Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes is one of the most common types of wood flooring, which, unlike parquet, is not made entirely of natural wood. This type of flooring is made of compressed wood fibers called HDF (Hard Density Fiberboard), and due to the type of material used in it, it has a high resistance to moisture, temperature, and heat. It should be noted that due to the apparent similarity between laminate flooring and wood parquet, most people consider these two flooring groups to be the same, which is completely wrong. Laminate flooring is different from parquet in terms of material and different in terms of installation. Laminates are made of wide strips that have a male-female groove next to them and are locked together. Therefore, there is no need to use glue to install them, and it is possible to move and reuse them in different environments, which is not possible in wood parquet. Due to the advantages of laminate flooring, it is currently one of the most popular types of building Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes .
Another type of home flooring in the group of wood flooring is bamboo, which provides a very good beauty and effect in the environment. This type of flooring is made of the bamboo plant, which is completely compatible with the environment due to its high growth rate and renewability. Bamboo flooring can be divided into different groups according to their appearance and color, such as bamboo flooring with vertical and horizontal veins and engineered bamboo flooring. This group of floors can be used in different environments according to the shape and type of veins and each color. Of course, it should be noted that bamboo flooring, like parquet, does not have good resistance to moisture and humidity, and it is better not to use it in the kitchen and humid environments.
Types of carpet Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes
From the past to the present, carpets are one of the main types of Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes . Like other elements in the interior decoration industry, it has undergone many changes in recent years. So now you will not distinguish their differences with fancy rugs by looking at many carpets. In the past, carpets were produced in stair and fluffy carpets, and using them alone would irritate children’s feet. Today, with the advent of long pile carpets with extremely beautiful and attractive designs and colors, they can be mentioned as one of the best types of home flooring. Carpet tile is one of the newest and most practical flooring used in residential, commercial, and industrial environments and gyms. As its name implies, this type of carpet consists of separate pieces or tiles that have different designs installed together. Easy-to-move tiles make this type of building flooring can be easily repaired and replaced and easy to wash.
Ceramic flooring is one of the oldest and most basic types of Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes for home and office, and commercial environments that create a special beauty in the environment. These types of Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes are divided into different groups according to their color, design, and polishing or opacity, and each of them is used for different environments. One of the main features of this type of flooring is its high resistance to moisture and humidity, and that is why It is widely used in kitchens and bathrooms. In contrast, this type of flooring is colder than other types of flooring due to its material and can be more suitable for environments with an ideal heating system.
Brick flooring (pottery brick)
Other flooring includes brick flooring that creates a classic look in the desired environment. These floors are made of clay bricks with high resistance to impact and scratches and are often considered brown and dark colors. Because this type of brick is used for the building floor, it is not very thick and does not cause a high-level difference. Of course, it should be noted that brick Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes is cold and hard and, therefore, will not be a good option for buildings that do not have underfloor heating. Due to the color and general structure, it is better not to use this option in houses whose layout and type of furniture are modern. In contrast, earthenware brick flooring is one of the best choices for villas, cottages, and garden houses, as well as rustic and classic-style houses.
In environments with little moisture and humidity, choosing and installing cork flooring is one of the suitable options. This type of flooring can be installed on uneven infrastructure and, of course, has a higher price compared to other types of Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes . Despite the unique beauty and effect that these floors create in the environment, their expansion and contraction in the face of various environmental conditions make them not suitable for use in all parts of the home, such as kitchens, bathrooms, and toilets.
Vinyl flooring (PVC flooring)
PVC or vinyl flooring is one of the types of flooring that can be used in humid environments or spaces where there is a lot of light. As its name implies, this type of flooring is made of polyvinyl chloride or PVC, and the various layers used in it make it highly durable and strong. The high resistance of this type of flooring against light radiation and the lack of color fading in it is the use of a UV resistant layer in the outermost layer of the flooring. After the UV resistant layer, the layers of resistance, design, PVC, and the bottom layer will be placed, respectively. The last layer in this type of Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes causes no deviation in the flooring, and its appearance is not created over time. PVC Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes is in the form of separate tiles, and therefore, parts of it that are damaged over time can be replaced and repaired.
Epoxy Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes (3D flooring)
One of the most glossy and polished types of flooring for interior decoration is epoxy flooring, which, unlike today’s world, is used in residential environments, mostly used for factories, hospitals, laboratory environments, and gyms. To make this type of flooring, resin is used, placed on a layer of concrete or stone and ceramic. To prepare and install epoxy flooring, the desired concrete or ceramic and stone surface is sanded so that it does not have a polished state. Then a small diameter primer layer is placed on the surface, and after drying, the resin mixture with hardener will be placed on the middle layer. Due to the very high resistance of epoxy resin against impact and chemical reactions or acidic and open materials, this type of flooring is used in various environments such as hospitals, factories, shopping malls and halls, commercial centers, homes, and rooms, and toilets. Has it.
One of the most common types of epoxy flooring is its three-dimensional designs, which give a special charm to the floor. To implement 3D flooring, first, the desired design is taken to the dimensions of the printed environment, and before pouring the resin layer, the design is placed on the surface. This type of flooring has the most variety and can be created uniquely for all types of 3D Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes and bathrooms, toilets, and living rooms.
Concrete flooring, which is one of the types of flooring in homes and industrial environments, the main feature of which is very high resistance to impact, moisture, and humidity. As the name of this group of floors indicates, the main material used in it is concrete, which is mostly used for the infrastructure of buildings due to its high strength because this type of flooring can be painted with acrylic and acid paints. As a result, it can be used in environments with different decoration styles. Another feature of this type of home flooring is the intense absorption of heat and cold in them, which will play an important role in energy consumption. Of course, keep in mind that concrete floors will not be a good option for children’s rooms and living rooms that this group of people may travel in due to their very high hardness.
Stone flooring is one of the types of Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes and other environments that has its fans from the past to the present. The use of granite stones with very attractive and various colors, marble, white and shiny stones that make the environment look like luxurious palaces and other types of stones for the living room and other areas such as kitchens and bathrooms can be valuable. Increase your property greatly. The very high resistance of this type of flooring to impact, moisture, and stains, as well as their unique beauty and appearance, are the most important reasons for their widespread use in interior decoration. Of course, this type of stone is not only on the floor but also on the exterior.
Linoleum flooring (elastic flooring)
Linoleum flooring is in plastic flooring, which is a combination of resin, wood flour, cotton, wood, oil. This paste, combined with various colors, eventually turns into floors with high resistance to light, moisture, and humidity. Due to the ingredients of this type of flooring and its recyclability, it is completely compatible with the environment. Therefore it can be used for kitchen, bathroom, and even bedroom and other parts. The most common types of linoleum flooring are laminate, tile, floating flooring, all of which are washable, and their softness and softness are desirable.
Other types of stone Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes include travertine, which is in the group of limestone. This type of flooring is available in beige, red, gold, and brown colors, and due to its ability to hold cold air, it is mostly used around swimming pools, bathrooms, and toilets. The most important advantages of travertine flooring are its longevity and high resistance to impact, moisture and humidity, easy repair, and very beautiful appearance. Of course, it should be noted that travertine flooring is on the list of relatively expensive flooring, and its weight is also heavy.
Polyurethane Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes (polyurethane flooring)
In addition to epoxy flooring, which is widely used in industrial and residential environments, polyurethane or polyurethane flooring is also used in these environments. Polyurethane flooring is a set of multi-layer polyurethane paints that has a higher light resistance than epoxy flooring. The most important features of this type of flooring are high resistance to sunlight, impact, and scratches. The high flexibility of polyurethane flooring makes it work better than epoxy in environments such as refrigerators.
Granular flooring is one of the best types of Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes and for decorating children’s rooms, kindergartens, and gyms, which has a high softness and flexibility and has a great variety of designs and colors. This type of flooring is made of granular grains, and together with special adhesives, they create a one-handed texture. This type of flooring can be considered a suitable option for busy environments and gyms due to its high resistance to impact, contact with light, moisture, and humidity. Granular flooring is composed of separate pieces or tiles, and colored tiles with various designs can be used together to beautify the environment. It should also be noted that this type of flooring is very easy to install and repair and is also desirable in terms of price.
Armlat flooring, which is in industrial flooring, is a combination of very fine mineral aggregates applied on concrete surfaces. This type of flooring has high resistance to impact, abrasion, and traffic due to having fine aggregates in its texture. That is why Armlat flooring is mostly used for industrial environments such as petrochemical flooring, the food industry, industrial areas, slaughterhouses, cold storage and parking lots, and busy areas. Armlat floors are completely resistant to pressure, abrasion, light, gasoline, water and moisture penetration, moisture, and chemicals and can be considered one of the best types of industrial flooring.
One of the most luxurious and luxurious types of Domestic Resin Flooring for Homes in interior decoration is glass flooring, which creates a unique effect in the environment. This type of flooring consists of several layers of completely durable glass that have a great variety in design and color. In general, this type of flooring is in two groups of clear and opaque glass installed in a very durable aluminum frame. It should be noted that this type of flooring, due to its very durable infrastructure and strong laminated glass, is completely impact-resistant. The contents of each were examined.
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