One of the basic materials in the production of chemical products is resin flooring. Resins are used to produce concrete adhesives, ceramic tile adhesives, waterproofing coatings for concrete surfaces, and industrial paints and coatings. In the following, we will introduce the resin material and its types.
Resin is a natural or synthetic compound that has very high adhesion. This material hardens under harsh conditions. The resin becomes soluble in alcohol and is insoluble in water. Natural resins are found in nature and are obtained from plants. For example, pine sap is a natural resin. In the past, natural resins have been used for consumption. We are not here to talk about the properties of natural resin. Our goal is to introduce the types of chemical resin coatings used in the chemical industry.
Synthetic resins produced in the laboratory
- Epoxy resin
- Unsaturated polyester resin
- Vinyl ester resin
- Thermoplastic acrylic resin
- Polyurethane resins
- Eruption resins
Types of epoxy resins
Epoxy resins are the most widely used resins in the building chemical industry. Epoxy resins are used in the production of industrial coatings. Industrial coatings with epoxy resin bases have high resistance to dilute and alkaline acids. However, these coatings are vulnerable to concentrated acids and solvents. Epoxy resins are used using polyamine hardeners. These hardeners include aliphatic polyamines, aromatic polyamines, cycloalphatic polyamines.
Epoxy resins have very high adhesion to metal and concrete surfaces. Especially these resins are paintable. Our Resin Flooring Company in the UK has produced various industrial coating products using different types of salon epoxy resins, modified acrylic thermoplastic resins and emulsions. Epoxy coatings are used to protect concrete surfaces from chemicals, mechanical shocks and abrasion. You can see these products in the section of paints and industrial coatings.
Unsaturated polyester resins
Another range of resins used in the building chemical industry is unsaturated polyester resin floors. This type of resin is also used as a coating. Some of these resins require heat to react completely and react soapily in the presence of alkalis such as concrete. These resins never harden in the presence of oxygen in the air. Therefore, it is necessary to cover the cover with paraffin after application to prevent air from reaching.
These resins are very resistant to oxidizing acids. This is one of the top advantages of this type of resin.
Types of vinyl ester resins
This type of resin is similar to the family of unsaturated polyester resins. Vinyl ester resins have high elasticity. Therefore, they have more minor polymer contractions when they harden. They also have high adhesion to concrete and steel and are more resistant to solvents. They are more expensive than unsaturated polyester resins.
Thermoplastic acrylic resin
Modified thermoplastic acrylic resin is used to produce a variety of cold traffic paints. The product based on this type of resin is suitable for painting on asphalt. This resin is also used to make pool paints. This resin is a clear liquid. It is a type of toluene solvent that can be dissolved in ketone and aromatic solvents. It is also soluble in insoluble alcohols and aliphatics.
Types of polyurethane resins
This group of resins is very diverse. Polyurethane resins can be used to produce coatings with high elasticity and softness. It is also possible to make tough coatings with high abrasion resistance. During execution, the humidity of the air and the surface must be carefully checked and controlled. These resins are susceptible to moisture. They turn into foam concrete in the presence of moisture.
Explosive resins can not be used on concrete or metal surfaces without an intermediate layer. This is due to the use of acid catalysts to harden the resin, which causes surface corrosion. Industrial coatings based on eruption resins have good resistance to corrosive substances such as alkalis and acids. They are also resistant to a variety of solvents. This type of resin is used in pits, sumps and channels exposed to corrosive substances. Of course, it should be noted that coatings based on eruption resin are not resistant to nitric acid and sodium hypocrite and the like. These coatings are not paintable because the eruption resin is black.
Emulsion means milking. This word has Latin roots. An emulsion is a combination of two or more substances that cannot usually be mixed.
As mentioned above and we introduced resins, these compounds are widely used to manufacture building chemical products. Resin-based concrete adhesives, resin-based tile adhesives, paints and industrial coatings are all among the items mentioned.
Photo Credit: iStock